Vrsar is a settlement which has been undergoing urban development since the turn of the late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. It was developed within the walls in the Middle Ages. Up until the second half of the 17th century, the entire Vrsar was crammed inside the city walls, but due to a demographic expansion, it has been spreading outwards since. The best-preserved parts of the town walls are by the Great Gate and Small Gate, two Romanesque turrets that were a part of the fortification system, and the walls of the Vrsar castle, which were also a part of the fortification system in Vrsar and which are well-preserved and crenelated.
Entry into Vrsar was allowed only at two places, exclusively through preserved gates, and it is likely that at least some of the walls were crenelated. They divided the Vrsar area into the town proper and the surroundings. The following legal provisions show the importance of the town walls:
We therefore order that, among other things, no one, regardless of the status, shall dare leave or let leave waste of any kind [on them], both within the Vrsar Castle and without the [town] gate, including around the walls, and further from them on the public roads, but rather, the waste should be taken to a place where it are of no hindrance, as above, under pain of penalty for all who act contrary, beside removing them at their own expense, of eight liras for each person and every time, one half of the sum to be given to the accuser, and the rest according to our discretion.
All those places and areas which are empty and located within the walls of this Castle on any location, regardless of their state and form, must be free and devoid of any legal reason and ownership on the part of our Bishopric, and are granted to persons who meet the requirements, at our discretion.
Similarly, with regard to the aforementioned cases and other major [cases], we order that no one shall dare cover their house with straw within the walls, under pain of [their] seizure, both of the legal basis of the use of the land and all costs incurred and the value of the works and materials [invested], the said house being subject to destruction, and the place given to others who will act as stated above and who will erect a pleasant and appropriate wall and roof structure.
With regard to any theft during to which violence is committed or during to which the walls are damaged, we order that the penalty shall be made more stringent, up to and including death, at our discretion.